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IMPORTANCE/ROLE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES IN SHAPING INDIA’S FUTURE: WORKING TOWARDS THE UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 7-AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY

Ahamed Basha N Nov. 2, 2020, 11:43 a.m.

Introduction:

Green Energy describes the energy resources which offers the most environmental benefits. In order to attain sustainable development it is necessary to switch onto renewable plants at the earliest. Research says that around 5 million people are sentenced to death every year for pollution rate as on 2017 analytics. Power generation plants such as Thermal and other conventional plants produce nearly 35 billion tonnes of Carbon-dioxide is produced every year. So in order to control and maintain sustainable development, non-conventional resources should be deployed throughout the globe.

 

 

Existing Resources:

As on 2019 there are an estimated 2,435 coal-fired power plants in the world combining for an operating capacity of about 2000GW and roughly 15 billion tonnes of Carbon-dioxide emission. Renewable resources are also existing but in a smaller area producing only 175GW a year, which is only 7% of coal-fired generating plants. Consuming fire-based resources for energy creates a huge drawback in the future where there might be a stage of lack in fuel and coal sources.

Resources to be deployed: 

The major renewable sources to be deployed  is Solar Energy Generation Plants, Rain Energy, Wind Energy Utilisation, Hydro-Plants, Bio-gas, Ocean Thermal Power Generation. Deploying Electric Vehicles, Smart Grid for domestic and other industrial purposes in order to monitor and estimate the real power consumed by the consumers. Before deploying there are few aspects to be considered based on the location like Urban or Rural and Large Area for instalment and transmission. 

Advantages and Result:

The key advantage is, it produces clean and green energy irrespective of the pollution causing other resources. Smart grid could definitely make a change in operations and market which alternatively makes energy affordable and economic for everyone. These plants have very less harmful effects in the environment compared to fuel based plants. Transmission and Generation cost will be decreased by half. As a result this could be estimated to generate more than 2000GW with renewable sources which is now being generated by non-renewable resource plants in a year. 

Conclusion: 

 

In summary, it is necessary to deploy the resources as earlier as possible to make a change in India’s Future and contribute to the World’s Sustainable Development Organisation and achieve our goals. We are responsible for what the world reacts. Every individual contribution is required towards this huge evolution and development. So let’s unite together and make a change for tomorrow.